cropped-ABrj-final-logo.pngVOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 Jan-2017

1) Multiple Cultures and Genesis of Identity in Bharati Mukherjee’s The Holder of the World.
Author’s Details: (1)Gunjan Gosain Oberoi – Ph.D. Research Scholar Faculty of Media Studies and Humanities – Manav Rachna International University Faridabad, Haryana (India) (2)Dr. Jyoti Sharma-Associate Professor and Research Supervisor Faculty of Media Studies and Humanities Manav Rachna International University – Faridabad, Haryana (India)

Increasing economic globalization in recent times has lead to unrestricted and unparalleled movement of people and products from one corner of the globe to another, giving rise to metropolitan culture and troubled identities. However, this phenomenon is ages old. Man has been changing cities, countries and citizenships since ancient times either to satisfy his basic needs of food, clothing and shelter or to satisfy higher order needs of discovery, fame and riches. This commingling of people of varied cultures not only enhanced interaction and mutual co-operation between nations, it also lead to people harmonizing between their native culture and that of the new set-up. The people thus caught between push and pull of contrasting cultures, suffering with feelings of alienation, despair and nostalgia in foreign lands came to be known as ‘Diaspora’. Bharati Mukherjee is one such well known novelist belonging to Indian diaspora who made her contemporaries envious in a comparatively short creative span. Her literary opus is manifested with her personal experiences and first hand knowledge of continents of birth and stay. This paper scrutinizes one of Mukherjee’s protagonists Hannah’s endeavors for genesis of identity in a cross-cultural scenario in The Holder of the World.
Key Words: diverse, cultures, diaspora, endeavors, identity

[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-05]
2) Effect Of Financial Management Practices on Financial Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Kiambu Town, Kenya.
Author’s Detials: (1)Daniel Mulinge Nthenge (2)Japhet Ringera – P.O BOX, 56875-00200. Nairobi Kenya

Financial management is an important element of the management of any business. This study was therefore, designed to establish the effect of financial management practices on financial performance of small and medium enterprises in Kiambu town in Kenya. Three variables namely Working Capital Management, Investment decisions and financing decisions [independent variables] were used to measure financial performance [dependent variable]. The study used descriptive research design utilizing qualitative data captured using a self-administered questionnaire. The study showed that considered individually, there is a positive relationship between working capital management; investment decisions; financial decisions and financial performance. The study showed that the combined effect of financial management practices [working capital management, investment decision, financial decision] have a moderate positive relationship between financial management practices and financial performance. The study recommends that to enhance financial performance, the organizations [SMEs] should adopt credit policies to guide credit sales. The policies should create a balance between customer retention and adequate the cash flow. Secondly the study recommends that the government should ensure creation of favourable policy and economic environment through legislation that facilitate access to affordable sources of funding for SMEs and attract venture capitalist. Third, developing appropriate strategies and policies that enhance financial decisions will be critical for the SMEs in enhancing their financial performance. Fourth, a study that covers other parts of the country with unique business environments would be welcome.
Key words:
Financial Management practices, Financial Performance, (SMEs).
[Download Full Paper] [Page 06-32]
3) Dynamics of the exchange rate in Tunisia.
Author Details:  Rabia najaf -Riphah international university Islamabad Pakistan
This paper analyzed the association between macroeconomic variables and volatility of Tunisia stock exchange .We have taken data from 1993 to 2012 and applied the Pearson s correlation test. Our results are showing that there is always association between macroeconomic variables and stock market of Tunisia. Now a day, it is seen that exchange rate is appearing as the strategic variable .Exchange rate is the way of the express the price of one country s currency in terms of another currency .Thus, with the help of exchange rate can be determined prices of all foreign and local goods.
macroeconomic variables, volatility, Tunisia stock market, Pearson s correlation.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 33-39]

4) Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cell Transplantation for Multiple System Atrophy Type C- a Case Report
Author’s Details: (1)(2)Alok Sharma (2)Hemangi Sane  (2)(3)Sarita Kalburgi (2)Pooja Kulkarni  (3)Sanket Inamdar (3)Khushboo Bhagwanani (1)Nandini Gokulchandran (4)Prerna Badhe – (1)Department of regenerative medicine and medical Services, NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, India (2)Department of Research & Development, NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, India (3)Department of NeuroRehabilitation, NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, India (4)Department of regenerative laboratory services, NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, India Corresponding author: Sarita Kalburgi NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, StemAsia Hospital & Research Centre, Sector 40, Plot No 19, Palm Beach Road, Seawood (W), New Mumbai – 400706.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a neurodegenerative disorder clinically characterized by various combinations of cerebellar, autonomic or pyramidal signs and symptoms and pathologically by cell loss, gliosis in brain and spinal cord structures. Treatments available for MSA are largely palliative. Novel approaches to alter the disease progression are required. Cell therapy has shown promising findings in preclinical studies. Herein we present a case report of 50 years old male patient diagnosed as a case of Multiple System Atrophy type C. His symptoms started at the age of 46 years and the condition was deteriorating inspite of regular treatment. Patient underwent intrathecal autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation and neurorehabilitation. Six months after transplantation, significant improvements in speech, fine motor activities, balance and ambulation were noted. There were improvements in the cerebellar signs and symptoms and outcome measures of Modified International Co-operative Ataxia Rating scale (34 to 31) and the Brief Ataxia Rating Scale (7 to 6). In view of his improvements second cell transplantation was done after 9 months. The improvements were maintained with no further deterioration for the next 21 months post transplantation. This highlights the potential of combination treatment of cell therapy and neurorehabilitation to alter the disease progression in MSA.
Key words
: Autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC); stem cells; cell therapy; multiple system atrophy-C (MSA-C); MICARS; BARS.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 40-45]