Gender Imbalance in Education as Perceived by Students in Tertiary Institution in Rivers State


Dr. Patrick Echebe ,

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Volume 9 - September 2020 (09)


This study investigated the perception of students in tertiary institutions towards factors influencing gender imbalance in education. Two research hypotheses were formulated. Descriptive research design was used for the study. A total of 1,115 students in tertiary institutions by Rivers State were selected through multi-stage sampling technique. Self-designed and instrument titled Gender Imbalance Inventory was the research instrument used in the study. Face and content validities of the instrument were determined by three experts and the reliability value of 0.68 was obtained using the test re-test reliability method. The inferential statistical techniques used for the data analysis was Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that there was no significant difference in the perception of students on factors affecting gender imbalance in education on the basis of age (F13, 1112) = 0.24; P<05). It however found significant difference in the perception of students on factors affecting gender imbalance in education, on the basis of religion (F(2, 1113) = 9.32; P<.05). based on these findings it was recommended that government should make frantic efforts to educate rural and urban girls no matter their socio-economic status. It was also recommended that government should carry out enlightenment programme to sensitize parents and the society at large on the importance of women education.


Gender Imbalance, Women Education, female inferiority complex, women social identity.


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