Effect of Baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) inclusion in feed on performance of broiler birds


Amaefule, K.U , Onwurah, F.B , Ahamefule, F.O ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-06 | Views: 885 | Downloads: 199 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3411988

Volume 2 - September 2013 (09)


This study was designed to investigate the effect of Baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) inclusion in feed on the performance of broiler birds. The study was laid out in Completely Randomized Design with each treatment replicated thrice.The study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Poultry Farm of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria for 8 weeks. A total of 150 Anak broiler chicks were used for the study. Graded levels (0.5g kg-1, 1.0g kg-1, 1.5g kg-1 and 2.0g kg-1) of yeast in feed were given ad libitum only by day during the starter and finisher phases. Starter and finisher diets were formulated using Excel feed formulation and feeding models (Onwurah, 2011) and analyzed using Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC,2000) while all data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, 2006). Results of yeast supplementation in feed had significant effect (P=0.05) on broiler performance. Best results were in yeast inclusion levels of 0.5g and 1.0g at the starter and finisher phases respectively.This study recommends 0.5g yeast inclusion in feed.


Yeast, Performance, Yeast inclusion and Anak broiler


i.         Adejumo, D.O., Onifade, A.A., Olutunde, T.O., Babatunde, G.M. (2005). The effects of concentration, age and duration of feeding supplemental yeast (Levucel SB) in a higher fibre diet on the performance of broiler chickens. J. Sus. Trop. Agric.Res. 13: 58-65.

ii.       Aghdamshahriar, H.and Nazer-Adl, K.A. (2006). The effect of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in replacement with fish meal and poultry byproduct protein in broiler diets. Islamic Azad University, Iran.

iii.     Association of Official Analytical Chemists (2000). Official methods of analysis, 17th edition. Association of OfficialAnalytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA

iv.      Babatunde, B.B. and Hamat, R.A. (2005). Effect of feeding graded levels of kolanut husk meal on the performance of cockerels. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 32 (1):61-66.

v.        Downs, K.M., Hess, J.B. and Bilgili, S.F. (2012).Selenium source effect on broiler carcass characteristics, meat quality and drip loss. J. Appl. Anim. Research. 18, 61–72. DOI:101080/09712119.2000.9706324.

vi.      Duncan, D.B.. (1955). Multiple range and multiple Ftest.Biometrics II: 1-42.

vii.    Ezema, C., Ezejimbe, C.C., Eze, D.C. and Kamalu, T.N. (2009). Effect of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on digedtibility and growth rate of pullets fed Palm Kernel Cake based diet. A paper presented at the 34th A nnual

viii.  Conferrence of the Nigerian Society of Animal Production at the University of Uyo, Nigeria. 344-346.

ix.      FISON/WINROCK workshop, Abuja. Nigeria. 2013. Gao, J., Zang, H.J., Yu, S.H., Wu, S.G., Yoon, J.Q.,Gao, Y.P. and Qi, G.H. (2008). Effects of yeast culture in broiler diets on performance and immunomodulatory functions. Poult. Science 87: 1377-1384.

x.        Ghasemi, H.A., Tahmasbi, G.H., Moghaddam, M., Mehri, S., Alijani, E., Kashefi, E. and Fasihi, A. (2006). The effect of phytase and Sachharomyces cerevisiae (Sc47)

xi.      supplementation on performance, serum parameters, phosphorous and calcium retention of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 5 (2): 162-168

xii.    Gheisari, A.A. and Kholeghipour, B. (n.d).Effect of dietary inclusion of live yeast (Sachharomyces cerevisiae) on growth performance, immune response and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Azad university, Iran.

xiii.  Ibiyo, L.M. and Atteh, J.U. (2005).Response of starter broilers to diets containing graded levels of rice bran with or without palm oil. Nigerian Journal of Animal production 32 (1):39-45

xiv.   Jeannine, P.G., Wooley, R.E., Emmett, B.J. and Dickson, J.A. (2012). Viricidal effect of Lactobaccillus and Yeast fermentation. American Society for Microbiology. Available on-line at http://intl.aem.ams.org.

xv.     National Livestock Research Institute (2007). Use of yeast to reduce antibiotic use in broiler raising. Food and Technology Administration Centre. Retreived from mhtml:file:\\User\ONWURAH\Desktop\Document\use of yeast to reduce anti.

xvi.   Oluyemi, J.A. and Robert, F.A. (2000). Poultry production in warm wet climates. 4th ed. Nigeria MacMillian Press Ltd.

xvii. Onwurah FB. (2011). Excel feed formulation and feeding models. Indian J. of Education and Information Management 1(2):88-92. Available: http://www.iseeadyar.org/ijeim.html

xviii.                       Panda, A.K., Reddy, M.R., Rama, R.V. and Raju, M.V. and Paraharaj N.K. (2000). Growth, carcass characteristics, immunocompetence and response to Escherichia coli of broiler fed diets with various levels of probiotics. Archives fur Geflugelkunde 64: 152-156.

xix.   Park, C.W., Grimes, J.L., Ferket, P.R. and Fairchild, A.S. (2001). The effects of mannanoligosachharides, bambermycins, and virginamycins on performance of large white male market turkeys. Poult. Science 80: 718-723.

xx.     Patterson, J.A. and Bulkholder, K.M. (2003). Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poult. Science 82: 627- 631.

xxi.   Pelicia, V.C., Sartori, J.R., Zavarize, K.C., Pezzato, A.A., Stradiotti, A.C., Araujo, P.C., Mituo, M.A. and Madeira, L.A. (2010). Effect of nucleotides on broiler performance and carcass yield. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 12 (1): 31-34.

xxii. Raju, M.V, Reddy, V.R., Rama, S.V. and Panda, A.K. (2006). Yeast: A multifunctional feed supplement for poultry. A review of benefits of yeast in poultry diets. Poult. International 45: 16-21.

xxiii.  Shen, Y.B., Piao, X.S., Kim, S.W., Wang, L., Liu, P., Yoon, I. and Zhen, Y.G. (2009). Effects of yeast culture supplementation on growth performance, intestinal health, and immune response of nursery pigs1. J. Anim. Science 87:2614-262

Cite this Article: