Personality Traits as Determinants of Burnout among Nurses - A correlational study

Author(s)

Zainab Hamid , Dr. Shawkat Ahmad Shah ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-07 | Views: 1071 | Downloads: 213 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3455978

Volume 7 - August 2018 (08)

Abstract

Background: The conditions of uncertainty and disempowerment at hospitals with high organizational demands threaten both physical and emotional wellbeing of nurses which in turn may contribute to burnout and disengagement or withdrawal of nurses from their organizations. At the same time their roleindelivering the servicestothesociety haspromptedtheexpertstodiscuss,debate,andexaminethe multitudeofpractices tomake them moreproductive
Objectives: The present study was carried out with the main objective of understanding the relation of personality traits with burnout among nurses andto identify significant personality traits that determineburnout among them
Design and methods: A quantitative and correlational research design was adopted and the settings included hospitals/nursing homes of J&K, India. The participants included the 300nurseshaving at least two yearsof workingexperience and selected/engaged bytheauthoritieson substantive basis.Standardised tools were used to collect the data, Pearson’s product moment correlation method and regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses.
Results: Results revealed that openness to experience (r =-0.126, P value 0.05); conscientiousness(r =-0.317, P value 0.01);extraversion (r =-0.246, P value 0.01); agreeableness (r =-0.437, P value 0.01) and emotional stability(r =-0.268, P value 0.01) have significant negative correlation with burnout as indicated by significant r values. A regression analysis revealed that among the five personality traits, only conscientiousness(β=-0.159), agreeableness(β=-0.34) and emotional stability(β=-0.132) significantly determineburnout among the nurses.

Keywords

Agreeableness,Burnout,Nurses, Personalitytraits.

References

i.        Alarcon, G., Eschleman, K. J., & Bowling, N. A. (2009). Relationships between personality variables and burnout: A meta-analysis. Work & Stress, 23(3), 244-263.

ii.      Alsaawi, A., Alrajhi, K., Albaiz, S., Alsultan, M., Alsalamah, M., Qureshi, S., & Alanazi, A. (2014). Risk of burnout among emergency physicians at a tertiary care centre in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Hospital Administration, 3(4), p. 20.

iii.    Ang, S.Y., Dhaliwal, S. S., Ayre, T. C., Uthaman, T., Fong, K.Y., Tien, C. E., & Della, P. (2016). Demographics and Personality Factors Associated with Burnout among Nurses in a Singapore Tertiary Hospital. Bio. Med. Research International.

iv.     Azeem, S. M. (2013). Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Burnout among Healthcare Employees. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(7), 467.

v.       Bateman, T. S., & Crant, J. M. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: A measure and correlates.  Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14(2), 103-118.

vi.     Buhler, K. E., & Land, T. (2003). Burnout and personality in intensive care: an empirical study. Hospital topics, 81(4), 5-12.

vii.   Chung, M. C., & Harding, C. (2009). Investigating burnout and psychological wellbeing of staff working with people with intellectual disabilities and challenging behavior: The role of personality. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 22(6), 549-560.

viii. Dargah, G. D. & Estalkhbijari, Z. P. (2012). The relationship between the big five personality factors and job burnout. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 11, 1842-1850.

ix.     Deary, I. J., Watson, R. & Hogston, R. (2003). A longitudinal cohort study of burnout and attrition in nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43(1), 71-81.

x.       Dollard, M. F., Winefield, H. R., Winefield, A. H., & Jonge, J. (2000). Psychosocial job strain and productivity in human service workers: A test of the demandcontrolsupport model. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73(4), 501-510.

xi.     Fochsen, G., Sjogren, K., Josephson, M., & Lagerstrom, M. (2005). Factors contributing to the decision to leave nursing care: a study among Swedish nursing personnel. Journal of Nursing Management, 13(4), 338-344.

xii.   Greenglass, E. R., Burke, R. J., & Fiksenbaum, L. (2001). Workload and burnout in nurses. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 11(3), 211-215.

xiii. Hart, S. E. (2005). Hospital ethical climates and registered nurses' turnover intentions. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37(2), 173-177.

xiv. Kim, H. J., Shin, K., H. & Swanger, N. (2009). Burnout and engagement: A comparative analysis using the Big Five personality dimensions. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28(1), 96-104.

xv.   Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., Van Doornen, L. J., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement: Do individual differences make a difference?. Personality and  Individual Differences, 40(3), 521-532.

xvi. Leiter, M. P., Harvie, P., & Frizzell, C. (1998). The correspondence of patient  satisfaction and nurse burnout. Social Science & Medicine, 47(10), 1611-1617.

xvii.           Magnano, P., Paolillo, A. & Barrano, C. (2015). Relationships between Personality and Burn-Out: An Empirical Study with Helping Professions’ Workers. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, 1, 10-19.

xviii.         Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1986). Maslach Burnout Manual. Palo Alto.

xix. Maslach, C. & Leiter, M. P. (2008). Early predictors of burnout and engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 498-512.

xx.   Maslach, C. Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 397-422.

xxi. Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1984). Burnout in organizational settings. Applied Social Psychology Annual.

xxii.           Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (2005). Stress and burnout: The critical research.Handbook of Stress Medicine and Health, 2, 155-172.

xxiii.         Michie, S., & Williams, S. (2003). Reducing work related psychological ill health and sickness absence: a systematic literature review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(1), 3-9.

xxiv.          Muzamil, M. & Shawkat, S. (2015). Five dimensional personality inventory.phd Thesis. Department of Psychology, University of Kashmir.

xxv.            Sabine, S., & William, D. (2007).Organizational configuration of hospitals succeeding in attracting and retaining nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 57(l),45-58.

xxvi.          Schaufeli, W. B., & Buunk, B. P. (2003). Burnout: An overview of 25 years of research and theorizing. The Handbook of Work and Health Psychology, 2, 282-424.

xxvii.        Schaufeli, W. B., & Janczur, B. (1994). Burnout among Nurses A Polish-Dutch Comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 25(1), 95-113.

xxviii.      Soliemanifar, O., & Shaabani, F. (2012). The relationship between of personality traits and academic burnout in postgraduate students. Journal of Life Science and  Biomedicine, 3(1), 60-63.

xxix.          Storm, K. & Rothmann, S. (2003). The relationship between burnout, personality traits and coping strategies in a corporate pharmaceutical group. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology,  29(4).

xxx.            Takemura, K., Hasegawa, M., Tamura, S., Takishita, Y., Matsuoka, T., Iwawaki, Y., & Yamanaka, R. (2015). The association between Burnout syndrome and personality in Japanese nursing students. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research,6(7), 5545-49.

xxxi.          Vahey, D. C., Aiken, L. H., Sloane, D. M., Clarke, S. P. & Vargas, D. (2004). Nurse burnout and patient satisfaction. Medical Care, 42(2 Suppl), II57.

xxxii.      Zellars, K. L., Hochwarter, W. A., Perrewe, P. L., Hoffman, N. & Ford, E. W.(2004).Experiencing job burnout: The roles of positive and negative traits and states. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(5), 887-911.

Cite this Article: