Determinants of Public Procurement Policy Implementation in Government Ministries in Kenya


Halkano Konso Ali , Dr. Noor Ismail ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-12 | Views: 932 | Downloads: 227 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3455946

Volume 7 - June 2018 (06)


The main focus of this paper was to analyze the determinants of public procurement policy implementation in government ministries in Kenya. This study was informed by Institutional theory and Principal-Agent Theory. A descriptive research design was used in this study. The study targeted 144 staff of the National Treasury. A census technique method was used. In collecting the data, open-ended and closed-ended questions were used. The quantitative and qualitative data generated were analyzed by use of descriptive statistics feature in SPSS version 24 to generate information which were presented using tables, frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics to make predictions or inferences about a population from observations and analyses of a sample using use correlation analysis regression analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and coefficient analysis at .05 level of significance. The findings have showed that organizational structure has a positive and significant effect on PPP (Public Procurement Policy) implementation, β1 = 0.324, p < 0.001, staff competency has a positive and significant effect on PP implementation, β2 = 0.255, p < 0.001. There is need to further put in place structures that would enable the full implementation of the laws and regulations regarding communication within the department which would lead to reduced lead time. Furthermore, enhanced coordination to improve quality through enabling structures that clearly define the roles and responsibilities of the staff is critical. Also, a further relook into the standardization mechanisms would go a long way in plugging any gaps in order to reduce costs. There is a need for the organization to ensure that there is continuous on the job training to enhance implementation of rules and regulations and the fairness and equitableness of formal courses offered to the staff thus enhanced quality improvement.


Staff Competency, Organizational Structure, Implementation, Government Public, Procurement


         i.        Aine M. (2012). Ethical Aspects in Purchasing & Supply Management. e-How Magazine

ii.      Akech, J. M. M. (2005). Development partners and governance of public procurement in Kenya: enhancing democracy in the administration of aid. International law and politics, 37(4),829-868

iii.    Andrew, M. (2008), Procurement Reforms in Kenya. Journal of Economics, 22(1), 23-50.

iv.     Appolloni, A., Sun, H., Jia, F., Li, X. (2014). Green procurement in the private sector: A state of the art review between 1996 and 2013. Journal of Cleaner Production, 85, 122–133. Retrieved from Google Scholar

v.       Arrowsmith S, Treumer S, Fejo J and Jiang L (2010) “Public Procurement Regulation, an Introduction”. EU-Asia Inter University Network for Teaching and Research in Public Procurement Regulation.

vi.     Barrett, P. (2010), “Balancing accountability and efficiency in a more competitive public sector    environment”, Australian Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 59 No. 3, pp. 58-71.

vii.   Bryant B. J. (2013) General Procurement Procedures. Demand Media Inc. London

viii. Dorothy, K. (2010). Procurement Management Strategies. Journal of Purchasing, 16(1), 20-52.

ix.     Drafke M. (2009). The Human Side of Organizations. 10 th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc: New Jersey.

x.       Ebrahim, S. (2010). Training Interventions: Fulfilling Managerial Ends or Proliferating Invaluable Means for Employees: Some Evidence from Iran. European Business Review, 22(2), 257-301.

xi.     Edward, B. (2009). Public Sector Procurement Methods. Journal of Procurement, 11(1), 65-78. 

xii.   Elliot, R. (2007). What is the right inventory management approach for a purchased item?", Journal of purchasing Management. Vol.22, No.7. pp.148-153.

xiii. Gadde, M.E. (2014). A conceptual model of the influences on sustainable public procurement. Journal of supply chain Management. Vol.36, No.4. pp. 144-148.

xiv. Gelderman et al, 2016). A conceptual model of the influences on sustainable public procurement. Journal of supply chain Management. Vol.36, No.4.pp. 144-148.

xv.   Goldratt E. M. (2014) The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement. North River Press. Great Barrington, MA

xvi. Government of Kenya (2005) Public Procurement and Disposal Act (2005). Government Printer: Nairobi.

xvii.                       Government of Kenya (2007). Public Procurement, Regulations. Nairobi: Government Press.

xviii.  Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Andersen RE, Tatham RL. Mutilvariate data analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010

xix. Hines T. (2014) Supply Chain Strategies: Customer Driven and Customer-focused. Butterworth – Heinemann.  UK.

xx.   Hui, W. S., Othman, R. O., Normah, O., Rahman, R. A. & Haron, N. H. (2011). Procurement issues in Malaysia. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 24(6), 567-593.Irwin

xxi. Hunja, R. (2009).Obstacles to public procurement reform in developing Countries. Journal of supply chain Management. Vol.35, No.9. pp. 149-152

xxii. Kamau, P. & Odhiambo, W., (2013). Public Procurement: Lessons from Kenya, Tanzania andUganda. OECD Working Paper NO.208. OECD Development Centre

xxiii. Kinyanjui, P. (2010). Procurement Challenges in Kenya. Journal of Procurement, 13(1), 65-85.

xxiv.  Kipchilat, G.T (2006) “An Evaluation of the Impact of the Public Procurement Regulations on Procurement in Kenyan Public Universities.” Unpublished MBA Project. Egerton University, Nakuru Kenya.

xxv.  KPMG International (2008) Governance Survey. Nairobi: KPMG.

xxvi.  Leeders,S. (2009). Purchasing and Supplies Management. (3rd ed.). Mason, NJ: Pearson Publishers.

xxvii.  Lysons K. Farrington B. (2006). Purchasing and Supply Chain Management.7th Edition. Pearson Education Limited: England

xxviii. Magee M.  (2013) Public procurement law: the basics. Pinsent Masons

xxix.   McCrudden, C. (2008), Using public procurement to Achieve Social Outcomes, Natural Resources Forum, 28 (4).

xxx.    Mcshane, Hill. (2009). Principles of Management. African Edition. McGraw-Hill Custom Publishing: U.S.A

xxxi.   Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill

xxxii.  Odhiambo, W., & Kamau, P. (2013). Public Procurement: Lessons from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. OECD Working Paper NO.208. OECD Development Centre.

xxxiii. Palmer, R.D. and Butt, A.H. (2008), Value for Money in the Public Sector, The Decision Makers Guide, Basil Blackwell, Ltd, Oxford.

xxxiv.  Patrick,K. (2010). Procurement Reforms in Kenya. Working Paper no 1. Nairobi: Government Press.

xxxv.   Public Procurement Regulations, (2001). The Exchequer and Audit, Nairobi: The Government Press.

xxxvi.  Republic of Kenya, Kenya Gazette Supplement No. 92 (2006): Public Procurement and Disposal Regulations 2006, Supplement No. 92, Nairobi: Government Press.

xxxvii. Roodhooft, F. & Abbeele, A. V. D. (2014). Public procurement of consulting services Evidence and comparison with private companies. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 19(5), 490-512. Scott,

xxxviii. Sekaran, U.,& Bougie, R. (2010) Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach, (5th Edition). Hoboken, N.J./Chichester: John Wiley and Sons OECD. 2006. OECD Factbook. Paris: OECD.

xxxix.   Simon J. Evenett (2009). “International Cooperation and the Reform of Public Procurement Policies” (On line) Available at

xl.     Sobczak, A. 2008. Are codes of conduct in global supply chains really voluntary? From soft law regulation of labour relations to consumer law. Business Ethics Quarterly, 16(167-184)

xli.   Spencer, L & Spencer, S 1994, Competence at work: A model of superior performance, Wiley, New York.

xlii. Steve P. (2012) Procurement Policy & Procedures. Houston Chronicles

xliii.  The Public Procurement and Disposal Regulations, 2006 (online

xliv.  Tukamuhabwa B. R. (2012). Antecedents and Consequences of Public Procurement Non implementation Behavior. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies.

xlv. UNEP (2017). Public procurement practices in developing nations. UN Report

xlvi.  Virts W. B. (2010) Purchasing for Hospitality Operations. The Educational Institute of the American Hotel & Motel Association. East Lansing Mich

xlvii.  Wanyama, J (2010) .The effectiveness of the Procurement Regulations in Kenya.

xlviii. Wisegeek (2013).Procurement strategies.

xlix.   World Bank (2004). Guidelines: Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits.Washington DC: World Bank

Cite this Article: